The Jim Crow legacy was all too often felt in everyday life, especially in the black community.
Jim Crow laws, such as the ban on the sale of beer to blacks and the segregation of blacks in public spaces and public housing, were also still in place.
And as late as the 1990s, Jim Crow still defined much of how people of color lived and operated in the United States.
“I think the legacy of Jim Crow has still been an invisible part of our history and our lives,” said Michelle Ruggles, a professor at Rutgers University who studies racism and the legacy.
In 2017, a white man was sentenced to life in prison for the murder of 18-year-old Michael Brown.
In December, a former Black Panther named Michael B. Brown was fatally shot by a white police officer.
In August, President Donald Trump announced the dismantling of a key federal court-ordered housing program that housed some 2 million people who were poor, Black, Latino or Native American.
It was a moment of reckoning for the United State, but one that also provided a window into how much of the country still lives under Jim Crow.
In that sense, the legacy continues.
Here are five facts you need to know about the Jim Crow era.
The Jim Conklin Act passed in 1934 The Jim Corkslin Act, passed after the assassination of civil rights leader Rep. James Farmer in Atlanta, was meant to give the federal government a tool to help African Americans gain rights in the workplace and housing.
The law, which was signed into law by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, established the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
The act was meant as a response to the racist policing of the 1960s.
It made it a crime to discriminate against people because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry, disability, or marital status.
It banned discrimination in the hiring, firing, promotion, denial of employment, and sale of housing, education, health care, and other public accommodations.
As a result, it created a federal government program that allowed for federal civil rights enforcement and a number of federal programs to assist people with disabilities, including the Fair Employment and Housing Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and the National Labor Relations Act.
The Fair Housing Law was first enacted in 1934 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Fair Rent Act into law in 1933.
It became the first federal law aimed at providing a better standard of living for people of all races.
In 1936, Congress passed the Fair Landfill Act, which mandated that all new construction in the U.S. have minimum wage and hour standards.
The National Housing Act was passed in 1938 and required federal agencies to establish minimum wage rates and hours of work for their employees.
It also created a national minimum wage of $1.25 an hour for all workers, a maximum hourly rate of $2.25, and a cap on the amount employers could deduct for unemployment insurance and health care expenses.
The Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968, which were signed into force in 1968, became the law of the land.
The Act, as it was then called, became known as the Civil Right Act and required people of different races and ethnicities to be treated equally under the law.
The first act was enacted to prohibit discrimination against black people in housing and employment, but it also gave black Americans the right to sue for discrimination in employment.
The Equal Credit Opportunities Act was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1972.
The bill, which has since been referred to as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, was the first major federal law protecting consumers from unfair credit practices.
Under the law, credit card companies were required to disclose any information about consumers’ credit scores that showed that they were less than eligible for credit.
The legislation also allowed people of other races and religions to file discrimination lawsuits, but only if their claims had been investigated by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The 1964 Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts were signed by the presidents of both parties.
Both the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Fair Elections Act were passed.
The laws were meant to help reduce the number of voting machines in the country.
The former, which prohibited employers from requiring workers to wear uniforms or go through the same physical testing as non-white workers, was signed in 1965 and became the Civil Service Employment Act in 1967.
The latter, which required federal contractors to pay contractors for hiring and training, passed in 1972 and was eventually amended into the Civilian Labor Relations Reform Act, or CLRA.
The new law, signed into effect in 1975, prohibited employers, including federally funded colleges and universities, from discriminating against qualified people on the basis of race.
In the end, the law was the foundation of the Voting Rights Act, an amendment to the Voting Act of 1965 that was signed on Feb. 1